Add a bot to your lectures

Da raspibo.
Versione del 20 set 2019 alle 20:28 di Renzo (discussione | contributi)
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This is the code of the Telegram bot I use in my lectures.

It needs an argument: it is a text file containing the token of the bot. (it is the long exa number provided by the BotFather when the new bot is registered)

The bot shows all the messages it receives.

It is possible to do simple ballots: /vote cast a vote e.g.

  /vote yes 

to count the votes simply send


here is the code:

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""Simple Bot show messages and count ballots

Renzo Davoli GPL3+

Based on the example in Telegram.ext:

This program is dedicated to the public domain under the CC0 license.
This Bot uses the Updater class to handle the bot.

First, a few handler functions are defined. Then, those functions are passed to
the Dispatcher and registered at their respective places.
Then, the bot is started and runs until we press Ctrl-C on the command line.

Basic Echobot example, repeats messages.
Press Ctrl-C on the command line or send a signal to the process to stop the

from telegram.ext import Updater, CommandHandler, MessageHandler, Filters
import logging
import sys
# import random

# Enable logging
logging.basicConfig(format='%(asctime)s - %(name)s - %(levelname)s - %(message)s',

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

# Define a few command handlers. These usually take the two arguments bot and
# update. Error handlers also receive the raised TelegramError object in error.


def vote(update, context):
                global votes
                vote = update.message.text
                user = update.message.chat_id
                if vote[:5] == '/vote': vote = vote[5:]
                if vote[:1] == ' ': vote = vote[1:]
                vote = vote.lower()
                if user in votes:
                        update.message.reply_text('vote changed to: '+ vote);
                        update.message.reply_text('got your vote: '+ vote);
                votes[user] = vote

def count(update, context):
                global votes
                table = {}
                for v in votes:
                        vote = votes[v]
                        if vote in table:
                                table[vote] += 1
                                table[vote] = 1
                if table:
                        print("Count results:")
                for v in sorted(table, key=table.get, reverse=True):
                                print ('[{}]: {}'.format(v, table[v]))
                votes = {}

def start(update, context):
                update.message.reply_text('Welcome to unibot!')

def help(update, context):
This is so_cs_unibot!
/vote file your vote
/count vote counting

def echo(update, context):
                """Echo the user message."""
                print (update.message.text)
                ## update.message.reply_text(update.message.text)

def error(update, context):
                """Log Errors caused by Updates."""
                logger.warning('Update "%s" caused error "%s"', update, context.error)

def main():
                if len(sys.argv) == 1:
                        print("USAGE: {} keyfile".format(sys.argv[0]))
                with open(sys.argv[1], 'r') as fd:
                        token = fd.readline().strip()
                """Start the bot."""
                # Create the EventHandler and pass it your bot's token.
                updater = Updater(token, use_context=True)

                # Get the dispatcher to register handlers
                dp = updater.dispatcher

                # on different commands - answer in Telegram
                dp.add_handler(CommandHandler("start", start))
                dp.add_handler(CommandHandler("help", help))
                dp.add_handler(CommandHandler("vote", vote))
                dp.add_handler(CommandHandler("count", count))

         # on noncommand i.e message - echo the message on Telegram
                dp.add_handler(MessageHandler(Filters.text, echo))

                # log all errors

                # Start the Bot

                # Run the bot until you press Ctrl-C or the process receives SIGINT,
                # SIGTERM or SIGABRT. This should be used most of the time, since
                # start_polling() is non-blocking and will stop the bot gracefully.

if __name__ == '__main__':